This procedure, known as Intrauterine Insemination, is the first preferred technique because it is a practical, easy-to-apply and economical method in cases such as cervical secretion or physical cervix ineligible, male-related problem being mild or limited to other expressions, lack or inadequate ovulation in women, unexplained infertility, endometriosis, immunological infertility, sexual dysfunctions. In general, it is decided after 2-3 applications that this treatment has failed. However, there are also centers that extend this to 6 applications.
Before this application, it is imperative to show that at least one tube is open in the woman. After the egg is developed in the drug-free spontaneous cycle or by ovulation induction, hCG is performed to crack this developing egg. Approximately 36 hours after that, the semen sample is prepared by special methods in the laboratory and, for example, the part rich in moving and relatively normal sperm is left in the uterus with the help of a special syringe as a result of a painless and easy procedure. The procedure ends in a few minutes and after 10-15 minutes of rest, the patient can go home.
Intrauterine Insemination can be done spontaneously in cycles where the egg develops spontaneously, or in cycles prepared with drugs. Simple drugs such as clomifen citrate or injection-administered gonadotropins can be used in egg development. Egg cracking can still be allowed to occur spontaneously or this can be achieved with drugs such as HCG. Intrauterine Insemination can be applied one or two days in a row. However, according to today’s data, the most successful results are obtained in cycles where eggs are developed with gonadotropins and the egg is cracked with HCG.