The term IVF refers to the combination and fertilization of sperm and eggs in a laboratory environment, rather than in a natural environment within the body. While a certain number of moving sperm is expected to be placed around the eggs obtained in the IVF process, a single sperm cell is placed inside the egg with the help of special micro tools in the microinjection process. In this way, fertilized eggs obtained outside the body are kept in special nutritious fluids (cultural environment) for a certain period of time, allowing them to be divided and then placed in the uterus in order to maintain normal development of the embryos that develop.
The first healthy birth with IVF took place in 1978 and Louise Brown was born in the UK. In the following years, there were incredible developments in this field and its use has become very widespread today. It was originally used in women whose tubes were blocked, but today it is used in the treatment of many situations;